Major Currency Pairs in FX

Major currency pairs are those pairs that are most frequently traded in FX. Four in total, all the major pairs or 'majors' contain the United States dollar (USD), the world's reserve currency.

The majors include the euro dollar (EUR/USD), dollar yen (USD/JPY), pound dollar (GBP/USD) and dollar swiss franc (USD/CHF).

Each of the majors positively or negatively correlates to another currency pair in the financial markets, for example the USD/JPY tends to correlate positively with the USD/CHF as they both share the dollar as their base currency. Bear these relationship in mind when trading. 

List of Major Currency Pairs

Currency Pair

Base Currency

Quote Currency

Positive Correlation

Negative Correlation

Nickname

EUR/USD

Euro

US Dollar

GBP/USD

USD/CHF

‘the Euro’

USD/JPY

US Dollar

Japanese Yen

USD/CHF

GBP/USD

‘the Gopher’

GBP/USD

British Pound

US Dollar

EUR/USD

USD/CHF

‘the Cable’

USD/CHF

US Dollar

Swiss Franc

USD/JPY

EUR/USD

‘the Swissie’

Some lists also include the USD/CAD, AUD/USD and NZD/USD for a total of seven majors.

All the best forex brokers offer forex trading in these currency pairs. Many traders focus exclusively on making trades in a combination of major currency pairs due to higher liquidity and lower spreads.

By contrast, currency pairs that don't contain the dollar are known as 'minors'. See a complete list of currency pairs in forex here.

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